We have created the nutrients information based on the national research council’s guide line for essential nutrients.
Protein is a structure component of organs, soft tissue, skin, Blood, muscle fibre, muscles, connective tissue.it is very important in BARF raw diet for dogs.
Proteins can work as
Proteins are essential for transportation of molecules throughout the body and extra protein molecules used for energy.
Protein molecules are also important for conversion into all essential amino acids.
To fulfill the requirement of carbon in nitrogen skeleton.
Essential amino acids:
How does it absorb in the body?
Protein rich food enters in to stomach (enzyme pepsin and hydrochloric acid releases)
Now partially digested food enters into the small intestine (pancreatic enzyme will release and allow essential amino acids to absorb).
Once essential amino acids are absorbed from the body they use for creation of tissue proteins, enzymes, albumin, hormones, and other nitrogen-containing compounds.
Source of protein rich food for barf raw diet
The main source of protein rich food is muscle meat. Raw meaty bones, liver and organs are also considered as good sources of protein.
Proteins and amino acids are extremely important for building strong muscle and overall physical strength of your dog.
2.Fat and fatty acids
Fat and fatty acids can not be synthesized in a dog's body so healthy fat and fatty acids are required to function. Fats and fatty acids are important physical activity, source of energy, nutrient absorption and transportation.
fatty acids and fat are important part of BARF raw diet for dogs
Fats contain fatty acids which all have individual roles.
These EFAs include LA , ALA, AA, EPA, and DHA.
Linoleic Acid (LA)
Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA)
Arachidonic Acid (AA)
Eicosapentaenoic & Docosahexaenoic Acid (EPA/DHA)
The main source of fatty acids:
Linoleic Acid (LA) - chicken fat, pork fat, chicken skin, Hemp seeds &beef fat
Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA) flex seed, chia seeds, Hemp seeds
Arachidonic Acid (AA) eggs, chicken thighs, boneless, pork shoulder and ground beef
Eicosapentaenoic & Docosahexaenoic Acid (EPA/DHA) Mackerel, salmon, sardines ,and other raw fish.
3.Fat soluble Vitamins:
Vitamin A, D , E and K are fat soluble vitamins.
Vitamins are essential organic substances and not enough produced by itself in the body so sufficient sources of this fat soluble vitamins are necessary to function.Fat soluble vitamins are extremely important in BARF raw diet for dogs.
Vitamin A: it is an essential vitamin responsible for gene expression, normal vision, reproductive system growth, immunity and tissue formation.
Source of vitamin A is beef liver, chicken liver, beef kidney, eggs.
Vitamin D: the primary role of vitamin D in body of dog is to enhance absorption of nutrients in intestinal track and also maintain bone deposition balance in calcium and phosphorus.
Source of vitamin D: fish, beef liver
Vitamin E- vitamin E plays a major role as an antioxidant. It can stop oxidation of cells.it is also very helpful in gene transportation, modulating immune function.
Source of vitamin E- sunflower seeds
Vitamin K - it is very useful in bone growth, protein synthesis and blood coagulation functions.
Source of vitamin K: kale, spinach, wheatgrass
4.Water soluble vitamins
Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12 are essential water-soluble vitamins.
Each water soluble vitamin has different role. water soluble vitamins are very important in BARF raw diet for dogs.
Vitamin B1:it is essential to convert carbohydrate into glucose for energy. It also regulates the health of tissue, nerve, muscle and heart.
Source of vitamin B1: beef liver, beef kidney, pork.pork heart, salmon, squash, wheatgrass.
Vitamin B2: riboflavin is the name of vitamin b2 and it is essential for coenzyme activity, cell growth and development, energy production, metabolism of fat and amino acids.
Source of vitamin B2: beef kidney, beef liver, chicken liver, pork heart, beef heart, chicken eggs.
Vitamin B3: niacin is a water soluble vitamin that helps to convert carbohydrate into glucose for energy, best stress response and works as a DNA repair.it also helps metabolism of amino acids and fats.
Source of vitamin B3: beef, beef liver, beef kidney, chicken, mackerel fish, pork, pork heart, turkey.
Vitamin B5: t is useful for coenzyme and protein synthesis. It is also essential for fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
Source of vitamin B5: beef liver, beef kidney, beef heart, pork heart, chicken liver, salmon, fish, pork, beef, chicken.
Vitamin B6:it is essential water soluble vitamin and regulates immune system, nervous system, psychological system.it is essential for conversion of tryptophan to niacin.
Source of vitamin B6: salmon, mackerel, beef, pork, chicken, sunflower seeds.
Minerals are essential components for dogs and can not be produced sufficiently by themselves and must be provided through a balanced diet.
The six essential macro minerals are calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, magnesium, and potassium.
Calcium: Calcium plays an essential role in the structural components of bones and teeth, as well as helps as an ion reservoir. Additionally, calcium enables cells to communicate to hormones and neurotransmitters.
Source of calcium: kale, spinach, eggs, bones
Phosphorus: phosphorus is the second most important mineral required for bones and teeth. Additionally, phosphorus is necessary for DNA and RNA formation and many cellular activities.
Source of phosphorus: fish, beef, pork, chicken and turkey
Sodium and chloride : These minerals play a major role in maintaining osmotic pressure, maintaining acid-base equilibrium, transmitting nerve impulses, and communicating muscle contractions.
Source of sodium and chloride: kale, spinach, fish and eggs
Magnesium: Magnesium is the third important mineral within bone and is required in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Additionally, magnesium acts as a catalyst for a wide range of enzymes, required for cellular oxidation, a catalyst for most phosphate transfers, and processes neuromuscular activity.
Source of magnesium: Hemp seed, pumpkin seed, sunflower seed, spinach, lettuce and fish.
Potassium: Potassium is essential to maintain acid-base balance, osmotic balance, transmit nerve impulses.
Source of potassium: lettuce, salmon, beef, pork and fish
These macronutrients are very important for optimal health in barf raw diet for dogs.
The six micro minerals include iron, zinc, copper, iodine, selenium, and manganese. These minerals cannot be synthesized in quantities sufficient to support normal physiologic function and must be supplied within the diet.
Source of micro minerals: Beef liver, chicken liver, beef spleen, turkey liver, spinach, lettuce, lamb, eggs , green tripe hemp seeds, beef and pork.
Micro minerals are important in BARF raw diet for dogs.